Allotropy: Why Winter Spells Trouble for the Tin Man
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Tin is a commonplace metal that’s used industrially in a thousand different ways. From the solder that holds your computer’s motherboard together to the PVC plumbing under your sink, tin compounds are everywhere. This phenomenon, known as “tin pest”, is certainly not due a biological organism, but is widely mistaken for an oxidation reaction. Instead, tin pest happens thanks to something called allotropy—the metal’s atomic lattice can take on multiple different shapes, depending on the temperature it’s kept at. At room temperature, tin exists in its “beta” form.

Art and the Elegant Universe
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Using science and art together not only energized my studio practice, but it also changed the way I see our universe. I want to figure out a way to have the least amount of distance between the viewer and the art. I want to figure out a way to have the least amount of distance between the viewer and the art. My goal is to lure in science phobic people with handsome art, then blow their minds with cool science. My goal is to lure in science phobic people with handsome art, then blow their minds with cool science.

Dire Wolves Were Not Really Wolves, New Genetic Clues Reveal
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It had long been assumed that dire wolves made themselves at home in North America before gray wolves followed them across the Bering Land Bridge from Eurasia. For decades, paleontologists have remarked on how similar the bones of dire wolves and gray wolves are. Dire wolves, it now appeared, had evolved in the Americas and had no close kinship with the gray wolves from Eurasia; the last time gray wolves and dire wolves shared a common ancestor was about 5.7 million years ago. Perri, Mitchell and their colleagues found no DNA evidence of interbreeding between dire wolves and gray wolves or coyotes. Dire wolves were genetically isolated from other canids, Mitchell notes, so “hybridization couldn’t provide a way out” because dire wolves were probably unable to produce viable offspring with the recently arrived wolves from Eurasia.

Did We Receive a Message from a Planet Orbiting the Nearest Star?
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This infrared star hosts an Earth-size planet, Proxima b, in its habitable zone, where liquid water could allow the chemistry of life on the planet’s surface. But even without examining the event details, one might wonder whether it is plausible for a radio signal to originate from our nearest star system. Following this argument, the quantitative paper with Amir shows that the chance of a radio signal appearing now from our nearest star is miniscule. There is one caveat to this conclusion, namely if intelligent life on Earth and its nearest star are correlated. Interestingly, Proxima Centauri became our nearest star around the same time when Homo sapiens appeared on Earth.

The Science of Spiritual Narcissism
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Perhaps on the whole, spiritual practices really do help quiet the ego, and spiritual narcissism isn’t that widespread. SELF-CENTRALITY AND SPIRITUALITYIn the past few years, a number of high-quality studies have started to unearth the existence of spiritual narcissism and self-enhancement among spiritual practices that purport to quiet the ego. SPIRITUAL SUPERIORITY AND SPIRITUAL PRACTICESIn a more recent set of studies, Roos Vonk and Anouk Visser conducted an exploration of “spiritual superiority.” They interviewed several psychologists, spiritual trainers and lay people, and asked them to describe people who use spirituality as a self-enhancement tool. Interestingly, their scale of spiritual superiority was more strongly correlated with communal narcissism than self-esteem, providing evidence for the notion of “spiritual narcissism.” Indeed, it’s important to distinguish between healthy self-esteem and narcissism. Increases in healthy self-esteem as a result of spiritual practices may be a good thing, and are not necessarily indicative of spiritual narcissism, which is why it’s good that the researchers were able to tie their measure of spiritual superiority to a specific form of narcissism: communal narcissism.

Kidney Dialysis Is a Booming Business—Is It Also a Rigged One?
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What's more, both are widely known to donate hundreds of millions of dollars to the American Kidney Fund, covering the vast majority of the nonprofit’s budget. The social worker paused, then asked if she’d heard about the American Kidney Fund. They found fewer kidney transplants, higher rates of hospitalization, and lower rates of overall survival among dialysis patients at for-profit clinics. Records from the California Secretary of State showed that dialysis corporations forked over upwards of $110 million via the California Dialysis Council in 2018. Unlike Karabasz, who blames AB 290 and those behind it for the uncertainty of her position, Carroll says some responsibility falls on the American Kidney Fund.

For Black and Brown Kidney Patients, There Are Higher Hurdles to Care
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The international actuarial and consulting firm Milliman estimates that the average billable cost for a kidney transplant in 2020 is $442,500. Both Black and Hispanic patients were less likely to receive this care compared to White patients. Indeed, according to an analysis of data from 1990 to 2009, Black patients waited an average of 2.5 months longer than White patients for a kidney transplant. Despite such changes in organ donation, Black patients on dialysis are still far less likely than White patients to receive a living donor kidney. Black patients, then, tend to reach out to fellow Black family and friends.

A Half Century Later, the Journey of Apollo 8 Still Inspires
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Editor’s Note: This blog was originally posted in December 2008 to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Apollo 8’s historic mission. On December 21, 1968, Apollo 8 was launched on one of the greatest journeys in the history of human exploration. Not only was the clock ticking, but also the CIA had informed the agency that it believed the Soviet Union was on the verge of launching cosmonauts on a moon mission. In August 1968 NASA's Apollo Spacecraft Program Office manager, George Low, proposed making Apollo 8 a mission to circumnavigate the moon some 234,000 miles away. Apollo 8 astronauts (left to right): Frank Borman, James A. Lovell Jr. and William A. Anders arrive on the carrier U.S.S.

How Did Elisa Lam End Up Dead in a Hotel Water Tank?
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\" \" Authorities gathered on the roof of the Cecil Hotel in downtown Los Angeles after the discovery of Elisa Lam's body in the hotel's water tank. Jay L. Clendenin/Los Angeles Times via Getty ImagesWhen 21-year-old college student Elisa Lam was found dead in the water tank of the Cecil Hotel (now closed) in Los Angeles in 2013, the mysterious circumstances surrounding her case captured national attention. Her body was found after guests of the hotel complained about low water pressure and a strange taste, which led employees to investigate their water tanks. Lam traveled to Los Angeles from Vancouver alone, and went missing from her Cecil Hotel room soon after she arrived. If Lam had a manic episode, it's possible she thought someone was following her, perhaps causing her to hide in the water tank for safety.

How Do I Get Rid of a Dead Animal Smell in My Car?
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If you can find the dead animal yourself, carefully remove it using gloves. Donning gloves again, scrub down all surfaces that had any contact with the dead creature with a commercial disinfectant or diluted bleach solution and let the car air out as much as possible. While Simmons says that dead animal calls are \"pretty rare,\" he's seen cases where rodents have climbed into the air conditioner's evaporator unit and gotten trapped, spreading the stench throughout the whole vehicle. You could try to sell it, but who's going to buy a car that wreaks of dead opossum? Not only could the dead animal result in physical damage to the engine, but its decomposing fumes might count as a biohazard.

How Often Should You Wash Your Bra?
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Although bras don't necessarily fall in the \"wash after every use\" category, like undies and socks, they do require more maintenance than they might be currently getting. Note, however, this does not mean a bra should be washed every three days. Wouldn't it be easier to just wear one for three days straight, then switch to the next bra? \"Bra maintenance is important because you need a bra in good condition to help keep your breasts perky,\" says breast health author Christine Egan in an email interview. But, however you wash, never put your bra in the dryer, say the experts.

What's the Difference Between Enabling and Supporting?
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Although enabling behaviors are usually done out of love, they can actually backfire for everyone involved. AdvertisementAdvertisementThe Difference Between Enabling and SupportingIt's often tough for a person in the thick of it to realize which type of behavior they're engaged in. Another reason that enabling behaviors persist is because often it's easier to go along with the problem than trying to fight it. Wedding photographer Erica Hartwig calls stopping the cycle of enabling \"emotionally one of the hardest things you can do. The website DrugAbuse.com has a lot of resources for people looking for treatment options for loved ones, as does the U.S.-government-run SAMHSA.gov.

Some Ecological Damage from Trump’s Rushed Border Wall Could Be Repaired
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Hours after his inauguration last Wednesday, incoming president Joe Biden issued an executive order calling for a “pause” to border wall construction within seven days. Most of the newest work is on remote, rugged federal lands that previous administrations bypassed for fence construction. What Restoration Might CostWith fence construction halted, CBP and the Army Corp of Engineers, which jointly oversee fence construction, could end up turning right around to deconstruct projects now in progress. “Trump’s border wall has been hugely destructive to the environment, to wildlife, to habitat connectivity.”Now Biden needs to act quickly, Nicol says. “That scar will always be there.”*Editor’s Note (1/25/21): This sentence was edited after posting to clarify the use of environmental review waivers for border fence construction.

The Second-Generation COVID Vaccines Are Coming
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Now, a year after the pandemic first erupted, three COVID vaccines have been given emergency authorization by either the U.S. or U.K., as well as other countries. But impressive as they are, these vaccines alone will likely not be sufficient to end the pandemic, experts say. Luckily, there are hundreds of other COVID vaccines under development—including many with new mechanisms of action—that could prove to be effective and cheaper and easier to distribute. And mRNA vaccines such as Pfizer’s and Moderna’s—touted by many as the future of vaccinology—have never previously been brought to market. But instead of injecting the entire spike protein, they have homed in on the virus’s “Achilles’ heel”: the receptor binding domain (RBD), the portion of the spike protein that directly fuses with human cells.

Could a Galactic Civilization Survive the End of the Universe?
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\" \" Galactic civilizations looking to postpone the end of the universe may be wise to stock up on a few stars like our sun. But it's also possible that you, gentle reader, are an immortal member of a galactic civilization in a distant future. If you're the former, then have a listen to the recent Stuff to Blow Your Mind podcast episode \"Galactic Civilization's End.\" In 2018, astrophysicist Dan Hooper pondered the question of a galactic civilization's long-term survival and contended that annihilation might at least be postponed with a little hoarding. If star-jacking isn't your style, physicist Alan Guth – who, by the way, developed cosmic inflation theory – told the BBC that a galactic civilization might be capable of creating its own pocket universe.

Rainbow Chameleons Display True Colors When Courting
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\" \" A male of the new chameleon species Calumma uetzi flaunts his display colors. The visually striking highlight of the three new lizards is undoubtedly the Calumma uetzi, a chameleon with rainbow-colored stripes along its back and tail. Researchers have located only about a dozen of the third little chameleon, Calumma juliae. Although Madagascar is the fifth-largest island on Earth, rampant deforestation and habitat loss mean all three of these new chameleon species are threatened by extinction. In the meantime, researchers keep racing to document more fauna like these little lizards before they are lost forever.

Sound the Alarm: Windsor Hum Is Driving Canadians Crazy
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\" \" A view of Detroit (right) and Windsor from Belle Isle Park in the Detroit River. Windsor is the site of the Windsor Hum which people believe is coming from Zug Island, near Detroit. That's sort of like the Windsor Hum. A 2011 study by the University of Windsor found that the sounds originated in the vicinity of Zug Island, Michigan, near Detroit. In 2013, the University of Western Ontario and the Canadian government looked into the matter, and did confirm that the hum seemed to come from Zug Island.

Multiverses and the Inverse Gambler's Fallacy
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It is, they claim, the inverse gambler’s fallacy. We evolved in this universe because it is compatible with the evolution of complex life with sufficient stability to develop sentience and ask questions about things like the inverse gambler’s fallacy. In trying to avoid the inverse gambler’s fallacy they are, I think, committing the lottery fallacy. To extend this to Goff’s Joker fallacy – imagine you wake up in a room with four other people. We don’t need to explain why our universe won, only that some universe would win (otherwise that’s the lottery fallacy).

Deaths From COVID-19 Are Different From Other Respiratory Distress, But ICU Practices Are The Same
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If someone elderly with blood clots and cancer treatment dies from respiratory distress, the federal government is generous about calling it a COVID-19 death. Even gunshot victims are considered COVID-19 related if they had tested positive for the virus in the last 30 days. So the increased COVID-19 deaths here are not mislabeled, at least if we extrapolate from people with similar lung failure who died at the same hospital in years before COVID-19. Japan had few cases and few deaths from COVID-19 because they refused to worry about it. \"What was persistent before and after COVID-19, and something we need to be better about after last year's coronavirus is a memory?

Best Identity Theft Protection 2021 – HowStuffWorks Reviews Articles Search
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From stolen credit cards and other financial information to theft of your Social Security number and legal information, identity theft can happen in many ways. Identity theft protection services. In addition to these basic services, identity theft protection can be purchased in two forms. Identity Theft Monitoring ServicesIdentity theft monitoring services are one of the most popular options. Protect Yourself With Identity Theft Protection Options TodayIf you’re worried about the dangerous threat of identity theft, you aren’t alone.

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